Das zum Planeten Erde aktuell nächstgelegene Sternensystem ist Alpha Centauri, ein Doppelstern, der nicht ohne Grund zum beliebten Zielobjekt von. Sie sind unsere nächsten Nachbarn: Die beiden Sterne von Alpha Centauri und der Rote Zwerg Proxima Centauri liegen nur rund vier Lichtjahre. alpha-Centauri. Per Anhalter durch die Galaxis mit vielen Fragen: Gibt es Außerirdische? Wie dünn war die Ursuppe? Und wie sieht eigentlich die Zukunft des.
Alpha Centauri Hauptnavigation
Alpha Centauri ist im Sternbild des Zentauren am Südhimmel ein etwa 4,34 Lichtjahre entferntes Doppelsternsystem. Es bildet zusammen mit dem ihn umkreisenden, 0,22 Lj von Alpha Centauri entfernten sonnennächsten Roten Zwerg Proxima Centauri ein. Alpha Centauri [ˈalfa t͡sɛnˈtaʊ̯ʀi] (α Centauri, abgekürzt α Cen, aber auch Rigil Kentaurus, Rigilkent, Toliman oder Bungula genannt) ist im Sternbild des. α-Centauri war eine Sendereihe des Bildungskanals BR-alpha des Bayerischen Rundfunks, in der der Astrophysiker Harald Lesch in jeweils ca. minütigen. Gibt es Außerirdische? Wie dünn war die Ursuppe? Und wie sieht eigentlich die Zukunft des Universums aus? Manchmal wissen nur Experten wie der. alpha-Centauri. Per Anhalter durch die Galaxis mit vielen Fragen: Gibt es Außerirdische? Wie dünn war die Ursuppe? Und wie sieht eigentlich die Zukunft des. Videos zu alpha-Centauri | Per Anhalter durch die Galaxis mit vielen Fragen: Gibt es Außerirdische? Wie dünn war die Ursuppe? Und wie sieht eigentlich die. Sie sind unsere nächsten Nachbarn: Die beiden Sterne von Alpha Centauri und der Rote Zwerg Proxima Centauri liegen nur rund vier Lichtjahre.
Rund vier Lichtjahre entfernt finden sich die nächsten Nachbarsterne der Sonne: Alpha und Proxima Centauri. Schema im Sterngucker des Bayerischen. alpha-Centauri. Per Anhalter durch die Galaxis mit vielen Fragen: Gibt es Außerirdische? Wie dünn war die Ursuppe? Und wie sieht eigentlich die Zukunft des. Videos zu alpha-Centauri | Per Anhalter durch die Galaxis mit vielen Fragen: Gibt es Außerirdische? Wie dünn war die Ursuppe? Und wie sieht eigentlich die. Katalog Gliesego : GJ Main article: Proxima Edwin Lemberg b. March Negative values for proper motion in RA indicate the sky motion is from east to west, and in declination north to south. Clay Sherrod, Koed, Thomas L. Schultz, Hart, H. The New York Times. Research Consortium On Nearby Stars. Proxima Chris Evans Filme c was formally discovered and confirmed in and is a likely super-Earth or mini-Neptune.
Aigrain, S. Ghost in the time series: no planet for Alpha Cen B. Longman Scientific and Technical , , s. Penguin Books , , s. J, Gilmore, Gerard.
L5, Fritz G. Mount Tamborine Observatory. Gliese, H. Astronomische Rechen-Institut, Van Altena, J. Lee, E. Hoffleit: GCTP W: The Hipparcos and Tycho Catalogues [on-line].
W: Visual binary orbits and masses post Hipparcos [on-line]. English explorer Robert Hues brought Alpha Centauri to the attention of European observers in his work Tractatus de Globis , along with Canopus and Achernar , noting:.
Now, therefore, there are but three Stars of the first magnitude that I could perceive in all those parts which are never seene here in England.
The first of these is that bright Star in the sterne of Argo which they call Canobus. The second [Achernar] is in the end of Eridanus. The third [Alpha Centauri] is in the right foote of the Centaure.
The binary nature of Alpha Centauri AB was recognised in December by Jean Richaud , while observing a passing comet from his station in Puducherry. Alpha Centauri was only the second binary star to be discovered, preceded by Acrux.
The parallax of Alpha Centauri was subsequently determined by Henderson from many exacting positional observations of the AB system between April and May He withheld his results, however, because he suspected they were too large to be true, but eventually published them in after Friedrich Wilhelm Bessel released his own accurately determined parallax for 61 Cygni in Later, John Herschel made the first micrometrical observations in By , William Stephen Finsen calculated the approximate orbit elements close to those now accepted for this system.
Pourbaix , have regularly refined the precision of new published orbital elements. Robert T. Innes discovered Proxima Centauri in by blinking photographic plates taken at different times during a proper motion survey.
Lying 4. All components of Alpha Centauri display significant proper motion against the background sky.
Over centuries, this causes their apparent positions to slowly change. Most assumed that the stars are permanently fixed on the celestial sphere , as stated in the works of the philosopher Aristotle.
In the s, Thomas Henderson discovered the true distance to Alpha Centauri by analysing his many astrometric mural circle observations.
The velocity in the western direction is Using spectroscopy the mean radial velocity has been determined to be around Other conjunctions will also occur in the coming decades, allowing accurate measurement of proper motions and possibly giving information on planets.
Based on the system's common proper motion and radial velocities, Alpha Centauri will continue to change its position in the sky significantly and will gradually brighten.
Proxima Centauri b is a terrestrial planet discovered in by astronomers at the European Southern Observatory. It has a minimum mass of 1.
Proxima Centauri c was formally discovered and confirmed in and is a likely super-Earth or mini-Neptune. In June , a large ring system encircling the planet was possibly detected.
In , a planet around Alpha Centauri B was announced, Alpha Centauri Bb, but in a new analysis concluded that it almost certainly does not exist and was just a spurious artefact of the data analysis.
Whilst ruling out the existence of Alpha Centauri Bb, a possible transit of a separate exoplanet in was observed. The transit event could correspond to a planetary body with a radius around 0.
This planet would most likely orbit Alpha Centauri B with an orbital period of The median of the likely orbits is Its orbit would likely have an eccentricity of 0.
Around Proxima Centauri, a small spike with a periodicity of 5. Because both stars are fairly similar to the Sun for example, in age and metallicity , astronomers have been especially interested in making detailed searches for planets in the Alpha Centauri system.
Several established planet-hunting teams have used various radial velocity or star transit methods in their searches around these two bright stars.
In , computer simulations showed that a planet might have been able to form near the inner edge of Alpha Centauri B's habitable zone, which extends from 0.
Certain special assumptions, such as considering that the Alpha Centauri pair may have initially formed with a wider separation and later moved closer to each other as might be possible if they formed in a dense star cluster , would permit an accretion-friendly environment farther from the star.
In addition, the lack of any brown dwarfs or gas giants in close orbits around Alpha Centauri make the likelihood of terrestrial planets greater than otherwise.
In the Solar System , Jupiter and Saturn were probably crucial in perturbing comets into the inner Solar System, providing the inner planets with a source of water and various other ices.
When they are influenced gravitationally by either the gas giants or disruptions by passing nearby stars, many of these icy bodies then travel star-wards.
For the slightly less luminous and cooler Alpha Centauri B, the habitable zone is between about 0. The sky from Alpha Centauri AB would appear much as it does from the Earth , except that Centaurus would be missing its brightest star.
With the placement of the Sun east of the magnitude 3. Rigil Kent is short for Rigil Kentaurus ,  which is sometimes further abbreviated to Rigil or Rigel , though that is ambiguous with Beta Orionis , which is also called Rigel.
To the Australian aboriginal Boorong people of northwestern Victoria , Alpha Centauri and Beta Centauri are Bermbermgle ,  two brothers noted for their courage and destructiveness, who speared and killed Tchingal "The Emu" the Coalsack Nebula.
Alpha Centauri is a likely first target for crewed or robotic interstellar exploration. Using current spacecraft technologies, crossing the distance between the Sun and Alpha Centauri would take several millennia, though the possibility of nuclear pulse propulsion or laser light sail technology, as considered in the Breakthrough Starshot program, could reduce the journey time to decades.
This upgrade will greatly increase the likelihood of planet detection in the system. Coordinates : 14 h 39 m From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Nearest star system to the Sun. For other uses, see Alpha Centauri disambiguation. It is not to be confused with a Centauri or A Centauri.
For other uses, see Toliman disambiguation. Alpha Centauri AB is the bright star to the left, which forms a triple star system with Proxima Centauri , circled in red.
The bright star system to the right is Beta Centauri. Main article: Proxima Centauri. Main article: Proxima Centauri b.
Main article: Proxima Centauri c. Main article: Alpha Centauri Bb. See also: Alpha Centauri mission.
Astronomy portal Star portal. Negative values for proper motion in RA indicate the sky motion is from east to west, and in declination north to south.
Astronomy and Astrophysics. Bibcode : yCat. The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series. Bibcode : ApJS.. New Eyes on the Sun. Astronomers' Universe.
Wiegert; M. Holman The Astronomical Journal. Bibcode : AJ January Evidence of rotational splitting". The Astrophysical Journal.
Bibcode : ApJ Retrieved 16 December European Southern Observatory Press Release : 5. Bibcode : eso.. Naval Observatory.
Archived from the original on 12 April Retrieved 26 May Sky Pub. October Popular Astronomy. Bibcode : PA Allen, Star Names and their Meanings.
Circular of the Union Observatory Johannesburg. Bibcode : CiUO September To explore the planet, units are needed. Any unit can be customized out of known technologies; consisting of a chassis type, reactor, weapon, armor and special abilities.
Each of these components has a different expense, with untested technologies having additional overhead prototype.
Finally, Alpha Centauri is not a desolate star system. There is life on the planet, in the form of alien fungus that litters the ground and strange creatures such as mindworms.
Initially hostile to all factions, this form of life holds its own secrets and effects on the world at large. Leave this field empty.